About 20% of the world population shows an aggressive form of Periodontal Disease. Here are the most common types of the disease:
Gingivitis is the simple form of the disease. This may progress to Chronic Periodontal Disease (Periodontitis). It usually occurs due to an improper hygiene, when plaque builds up on the teeth and the toxins in plaque infect the gum tissue surrounding the teeth.
Chronic Periodontal Disease
Chronic Periodontal Disease is characterized by the destruction of the gums as it infects beneath the gumline, and the progressive loss of bone tissue. The gums are receding and the teeth will seem like they are getting longer. This is the most common form of Periodontal Disease.
Aggressive Periodontal Disease
During this stage of Periodontal Disease, the same symptoms as Chronic Periodontal Disease are present, only the symptoms work much quicker. There is a high level of gum detachment, bone loss, and the teeth become extremely loose. Smokers are at high risk of progressing to this stage of Periodontal Disease.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease
This is the most serious form of Periodontal Disease and leads to the total destruction of gum tissue and ligaments of the teeth. Malnourished people or those suffering from HIV are more susceptible to this form. Chronic stress and systemic diseases may also contribute to this form of Periodontal Disease.
With a specialized treatment, Periodontal Disease can be stopped and/or treated. All periodontal treatments must be followed by an impeccable hygiene routine, including regular visits to the dentist for tartar removal and sometimes by additional medication.
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